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Keynote Opening Session

When materials meet electronics: novel frontiers in automotive

Dr Nello Li Pira
Head of physical analysis department
FCA - CRF
Italy
The car of the future will display elegant and ergonomic design with embedded sensors, touch surfaces and biomimetic multi-colored components. Cars will be made more functional and will be based on more intelligent materials: dashboard, central console, knobs, panels, seats, ceiling, armrests, kick plates will be made by novel processes and materials that are more intelligent and customized. All the manufacturing phases necessary for successful integration will be evaluated regarding the materials and processes as well. An example of the application of system integration will be shown, focusing on improved functionalities and complexity.

Autonomous interiors for autonomous vehicles

Richard Chung
Executive product manager
Toyota Boshoku
Japan
Currently, all the attention on autonomous vehicles is focused on self-driving; but what about the interior? We at Toyota Boshoku feel that the interior functions and features need to work autonomously for the occupants' comfort and convenience and a superb mobility experience. The MX191 concept for the year 2025 addresses this goal holistically, through its uniquely developed six concierge systems that take care of the occupants in the interior space.

Active haptic feedback and beyond – the future of touch interaction

Regina Kaiser
Senior engineer HMI
Hyundai Motor Group
Germany
Touch-sensitive surfaces in automotive interiors have been around for a while and there is no longer anything extraordinary about them. However, adding active haptic feedback as an additional cue to touch-based interactions opens up new possibilities for the design of user interfaces. Therefore, interfaces that were long seen as high risk can now be realized and are even on the edge of becoming an automotive reality. One example of this is Hyundai’s touch steering wheel development. With active haptic feedback, an enriched user experience can be created directly at the tip of the user’s finger. However, its potential to become part of the brand signature has not been exploited yet.

Fake or real? User acceptance study for smart surfaces

Bettina Leuchtenberg
Expert HMI, ergonomics and usability
Continental Automotive GmbH
Germany
Andreas Brüninghaus
Principal expert, Haptics & Appearance
Continental Automotive GmbH
Germany
Smart surface technologies add functionality to premium vehicle interiors. They allow seamless symbol integration into the surface. Invisible in the off state, they appear, for example, if approached by hand. This so-called 'disappearing effect' can be realized with real materials like wood or high-value films that imitate real materials, such as aluminum. To understand how the disappearing effect influences user acceptance, we conducted a user study with drivers of upper-middle-class and upper-class cars. This presentation gives an overview of Continental’s smart surface technologies and explains the method and results of our user acceptance study.

Freedoms and potentials in interior design for vehicles of the future

Cristián Acevedo
Project leader/UX designer
Studiokurbos GmbH
Germany
This presentation will explore the freedoms and potentials in interior design for autonomous vehicles in the future, with the human at the center of design development. We will also discuss a project following a show car development, implementing a vision where everything begins with the user. Starting with the human, we move to the seat, followed by the interior architecture, the user interaction and interface, interior elements and finally the overall package.

Afternoon Session

Sustainability solutions for automotive interiors in a changing world

Dr George Kellie
Director
Kellie Solutions Ltd/EDANA
UK
Internationally there is strong and very evident rapid growth and drive for new-generation materials offering genuinely sustainable solutions. The automotive industry is clearly faced with this challenge, at the same time as dramatic changes are taking place in powertrains, and with very demanding emissions legislation. There are some exciting solutions available that can meet many of these challenges simultaneously. Dr Kellie will focus on developments in plastics and non-woven materials in this very timely presentation.

Omniphobic surfaces: smart interiors for shared and connected vehicles

Dr Eva García-Lecina
Director
Cidetec Surface Engineering
Spain
Autonomous and connected vehicles are driving the transformation of the automotive industry. Shared mobility brings about new challenges in issues of cleanliness, pushing new research on self-cleaning coatings that prevent the generation of static electricity, and clean surfaces that present perfect transparency and hygienic optical appearance insensitive to fingerprints, specifically with the increasing incorporation of touchpanel displays. Cidetec Surface Engineering has developed a disruptive family of coatings that exhibit omniphobic functionality since they repel not only water, oil and organic solvents, but also other matter such as greasy smudges, makeup or natural oils from textiles, plastic, glass surfaces, etc.

Designing for emotional experiences

Efrat Friedland
Founder
Materialscout
Germany
We have all seen futuristic interior designs of mobility products. But we have no way of knowing if these designs will indeed be the final product we’ll see. What we do know is who will be using these products. Understanding the future users and consumers will help us bring values to the forefront of our products and brands, to create more meaningful and enjoyable experiences. This lecture will help you understand how to use materials and technologies to create an emotional bond with your product.

PURE: the freedom to move – automotive interior equipment of 2035

Marko Boving
Senior manager - strategic product planning automotive projects
Grammer AG
Belgium
Autonomous driving will change the way we think about the car. Motion comfort and well-being will define interiors that will be vastly different. What will people do when not driving?

The effects of emerging technologies on vehicle design

Carsten Astheimer
CEO
Astheimer Design
UK
Electrification, connectivity, shared mobility and autonomy will all play their part in influencing and affecting the vehicles of the future. They will affect the architecture, experience, functionality and meaning that the future vehicles will have on our society. As society’s needs and desires change, we must use the relevant technologies to not only satisfy those needs and desires but also inspire the next generation in the sustainable mobility solutions of the future.

Integrated future – stretchable printed electronics revolutionize the sensing world

Maria Alm
CEO
Forciot
Finland
Stretchable electronics is a disruptive megatrend that will transform traditional electronics from components-in-a-box into truly invisible electronics that are structurally integrated where needed, for example in car interiors. Stretchable electronics change the technical implementation of automotive interiors with comfort and style, while at the same time enabling advanced end-user experience and safety functions. The use of stretchable electronics is a great opportunity for shared driving and autonomous driving. As a lightweight solution, stretchable electronics is environmentally friendly. Forciot provides complete sensor solutions including sensor electronics, optimized materials and related algorithms, produced via a roll-to-roll manufacturing process.

HMI & User Interface Technology, Innovation and Challenges for the Interior of The Future

User requirements of future automotive interiors, HMI and driving experience

Dr Frederik Diederichs
Senior researcher
Fraunhofer IAO
Germany
Future automotive interiors, HMI and the driving experience will be strongly affected by upcoming disruptive changes. The presentation analyzes trends and their impact on human factors in new interior approaches, AI-HMI and steering of highly automated cars. Disruptive changes make it difficult to assess user requirements before market entrance. New user-centered design approaches are presented to meet the customers' sweet spot. Human factors research helps to take the right decisions early in the development cycle.

From driving experience to experience while driving

Ivo Muth
Head of user interface/user experience
Audi AG
Germany
The user experience (UX) customers expect from their automobiles is at a turning point. Although in the past, driving characteristics and exterior features dominated the emotional experience of cars, in future the interaction space in the interior will be the main constituent of the customer UX. In order to prevail as a premium brand in this competitive new environment, automotive manufacturers have to offer a comprehensive, stunning and responsive UX in which an impression for all the human senses is orchestrated.

Probabilistic driver models for advanced driver assistance systems

Mark Eilers
Principal scientist
Humatects
Germany
Advanced driver assistance systems require holistic models for monitoring, understanding, assessing and anticipating human drivers. We present a driver modeling approach for the development of probabilistic driver models and their utilization in a variety of use cases including driver intention recognition, traffic prediction and autonomous control. Combined with an HMI, the integrated driver model supports the driver and suggests proper maneuvers predicting the traffic situation and the intention of the driver. The presentation shows application examples, our lessons learned for using a driver model for adaptive ADAS and how it will be extended in the SituWare project to consider situation awareness.

In-car adaptive user experience

Dr Lena Rittger
Development user experience
Audi AG
Germany
Doreen Engelhardt
Innovation user experience
Audi AG
Germany
Artificial intelligence and driver state monitoring enable the design of individual user experiences and user interfaces that are adaptive to personal preferences and different driver or passenger states. The requirements and consequences of AI are being heavily investigated for safety functions and are starting to receive attention in the design of user interfaces, entertainment and comfort functions. However, a clear description of the triggers for adaptive reactions is missing. We present a taxonomy describing the input parameters for adaptive systems and for the design of adaptive functions for drivers and passengers. The taxonomy allows a clear mental model to be built for the development team and supports a user-centered design of adaptive systems in the future automobile interior.

Data-driven spatial audio cues for novel in-cabin interactions

Dr Francesco Grani
Principal HMI researcher
Here Technologies
Germany
Spatial audio is a solid method to increase situational awareness and has been widely adopted in other fields of human-machine interaction apart from automotive, including military and gaming. A large number of studies show how these cues can increase driving performance, assist in stressful situations and empower AR use cases. So, why is spatial audio not in our cars yet? In this talk, we present how the three main challenges are being solved: the enabling hardware and software platform in the car cabin, map data needed to generate content, and the proper design language to interact with the user.

The virtual (co)pilot

Paul Schouten
UX designer
TomTom
Netherlands
We have been designing virtual co-pilots for years; our navigation devices help people get to their destination without having to read a map. Today the role of virtual (co)pilots is becoming more important as the level of collaboration with the driver is increasing. (Co)pilots inform the driver better due to more detailed maps and cars that are becoming packed with sensors; they are also slowly starting to take over the task of driving. However, good collaboration requires good communication. We believe an important role of the virtual (co)pilot is to provide the right information, at the right time, in the right way to the driver. Understanding the situation, the environment and the driver serves as the foundation to achieve this. In this presentation, we will show various examples and ideas that we have been exploring.

Panel Discussion - AI for adaptive HMI, Interior, driving and human data collection

Maria Hirsch
Development engineer - user experience
Mercedes-Benz AG
Germany
Ivo Muth
Head of user interface/user experience
Audi AG
Germany
Dr Eike Schmidt
Researcher
Ford Research and Innovation Center
Germany
Paul Schouten
UX designer
TomTom
Netherlands
Moderator:
Frank Flemisch, branch head human systems integration, IAW at RWTH Aachen

Sleeping during automated driving: a case study

Maria Hirsch
Development engineer - user experience
Mercedes-Benz AG
Germany
The issue of sleeping becomes highly interesting in Level 4 (SAE). It is known that fatigue as well as hypovigilance are severe risk factors for traffic accidents while an effective countermeasure is sleeping. In Level 4 automation sleeping while driving becomes a possible scenario, including the issues of transitions. Take over times need to deal with seat adjustment, regain control and recover after sleeping. Furthermore, when analyzing human performance after sleeping, the phenomenon of sleep inertia may affect reaction time and quality of performance. A study conducted by Fraunhofer IAO is presented comparing driving performance after sleeping.

Carsickness: global incidence, influencing factors and the role of predictability

Dr Eike Schmidt
Researcher
Ford Research and Innovation Center
Germany
As a result of an expected increase in passenger kilometers traveled with higher automation levels, carsickness is gaining more and more attention in the automotive research community. In this talk, an overview of several studies by Ford and its partners will be presented investigating carsickness in detail. Surveys were conducted to get a basic understanding of today’s carsickness incidence, customers’ perception of influencing factors and individual differences. Controlled lab experiments underlined the relevance of motion predictability and the mitigating potential of making motion more predictable. Finally, first on-road trials evaluated an early prototype of a cueing-based carsickness mitigation concept.

Maneuver gestures for partially and highly automated driving

Prof Frank Flemisch
Branch head human systems integration
IAW at RWTH Aachen
Germany
The idea for the Vorreiter/Trailblazer project originated five years ago at an autonomous vehicle conference in Stuttgart; now the final results are presented. Vorreiter developed steering concepts for partly and highly automated cars by using the inspiration of a rider and a horse to provide intuitive steering gestures on the steering wheel or an alternative device, which initiate maneuvers to be executed by the automation, and to be supervised, influenced or interrupted by the driver. RWTH Aachen University, Fraunhofer IAO, University of Stuttgart, Valeo and Hochschule Wirtschaft und Recht Berlin defined the concept, built up prototypes and investigated the impact.

UX development toolchain – Autoliv's user-centric approach to interior innovations

Johan Karlsson
Senior research engineer
Autoliv Research
Sweden
Autoliv’s newly developed simulator allows rapid scenario modeling and integrated HMI development using an integrated prototyping environment shared between simulator and test vehicles, meaning updates to interfaces in the simulation will be available instantly in the test vehicle. Initial iterative evaluation of multiple virtual prototypes is done in HMD mode. Selected concepts are then evaluated in a ‘screen mode’ simulation with hardware in the loop before final prototype evaluation in a real vehicle on a test track. Likewise, test scenarios can be modeled in a virtual copy of the test track facility and tested before launching evaluation in the physical test track environment.

Morning Session

Achieving optimal occupant comfort, safety and energy consumption for autonomous vehicles

Jérôme Regnault
Product marketing engineer
ESI Group
France
With the advent of autonomous vehicles, the interior layout will be completely rethought, and interior components will have to evolve. Indeed, seats will translate and swivel. Such new configurations make standard static climate, thermal and acoustic systems, as well as safety equipment, obsolete. Moreover, new materials and thermal devices will be added in seats. Checking static seating and thermal performances in different layouts with real prototypes could be very long and expensive. ESI is proposing a solution based on virtual prototypes to overcome all the interior challenges of autonomous vehicles. Improve comfort and productivity, and reduce costs and development cycles.

3D printing: availability, independence and innovation

Joachim Kasemann
CEO
Mark3D GmbH
Germany
New technology: 3D printed continuous fibers, enabling composite parts robust enough to replace machined metal. ADAM: the new way of 3D printing metal parts. By printing metal powder bound in a plastic matrix, we've eliminated the safety risks associated with traditional metal 3D printing while enabling new features like closed-cell infill for reduced part weight and cost.

Mobility needs of older and disabled people

Katja A Rösler
Professor of automotive engineering
University of Applied Science HRW
Germany
Demographic change makes it necessary to pay special attention to the needs of older people in road traffic. On the one hand, a group of the young at heart is emerging. On the other hand, a group is forming who are seriously compromised by restrictions. The second group also includes physically handicapped younger people. The presentation will discuss the needs of this growing group of people, and the steps that are being taken to address them in the area of vehicle interiors. In addition to comfort, this also includes aspects of ergonomics, seat design and the design of displays and controls.

Seamless textile sensing solutions for car seats

João Manuel Carvalho Gomes
Chief operations officer
CeNTI
Portugal
A considerable number of car accidents can be attributed to driver drowsiness. Several studies have concluded that drowsiness while driving contributes to traffic-related morbidity and mortality, and therefore it is considered a public health issue. An effective strategy to prevent drowsiness-related car accidents is to monitor drivers' drowsing state and alert them. The development of a robust, cost-effective, seamless sensing solution for automobile seats is presented here. This innovative solution combines heart-rate and respiratory monitoring through bio-radars with comfort monitoring (humidity, temperature and pressure sensing) to gain a more accurate perception of the driver's state.

Enabling lightweight electronic content in cars

Dr Heather Nelson
Director of displays and in-mold electronics
MacDermid Enthone Industrial Solutions
UK
The evolving automotive market is driving an increase in the number of electronic parts in vehicles, while simultaneously requiring a reduction in the weight and complexity of vehicle assembly. Technologies such as large displays, in-mold electronics and printed wire harnesses are becoming critical but bring challenges in both design and manufacture. The success of a solution will depend not only on the properties of raw materials, such as films, conductive inks and plating solutions, but also on the process steps, such as printing, forming and molding. The global automotive market is moving quickly, and this presentation will explore some of the solutions that are being proposed.

Embroidered e-textile for automotive interiors

Melanie Hoerr
Manager technical embroidery applications
ZSK Technical Embroidery Systems
Germany
Embroidery has been a well-established textile decoration technology for decades. Nowadays, it is used to integrate functionalities such as lighting, sensing and operating into textiles. By using conductive threads during the embroidery process, electrical circuits can be integrated into the textile. The embroidery machine creates the electrical connections between electronic parts such as LEDs, PCBs, and microchips and textile sensors or electrodes. Functionality that can be achieved includes the integration of textile sensors (touch, proximity), LEDs for ambient lighting and driver monitoring systems such as HR measurement integrated into the steering wheel.

PP foams for visible ultra-lightweight automotive interior applications

Georg Grestenberger
Application manager automotive interiors
Borealis Polyolefine GmbH
Austria
Plastics, particularly polypropylene (PP), are a key enabler for lightweight design in cars. The development of alternative car concepts is increasing the need for new, lightweight solutions as weight reduction is directly proportional to range extension. The increasing use of polymeric foams and plastic foam structures is a logical next step. At Borealis Polypropylene, compounds were developed that can be processed into foamed automotive parts for structural but also visible applications, offering excellent surface appearance and mechanical properties, and unlocking additional weight-saving potential for future mobility solutions.

Accelerating automotive interiors development with 3D printing and Windform materials

Dr Jose Antonio Almenara
AM representative
CRP Technology
Italy
The presentation describes how it is possible to push the boundaries of automotive interiors solutions and launch a revolutionary approach to the industry via additive manufacturing and Windform composite materials. The paper demonstrates how the integration of CRP Technology’s high-performance materials and laser sintering technology throughout design, testing and validation processes is enabling automotive manufacturers to accelerate interiors development. Through the presentation, we will share CRP Technology’s latest challenges and experiences, and discuss technical solutions for the future of automotive interiors based on the newest Windform materials engineered for the manufacturing of 3D-printed end-use interior design.
Please Note: This conference programme may be subject to change

Zukünftige Messe: Automotive Interiors Expo Europe 2021, 8-10 Juni 2021, Halle 4, Messe Stuttgart, Deutschland
Zukünftige Messe: Automotive Interiors Expo Europe 2022, 21-23 Juni 2022, Halle 4, Messe Stuttgart, Deutschland